Own-research

Quant’s Look on ESG Investing Strategies

13.December 2019

ESG Investing (sometimes called Socially Responsible Investing) is becoming a current trend, and its proponents characterize it as a modern, sustainable, and responsible way of investing. Some people love it, others see it as just another fad that will soon be forgotten. We at Quantpedia have decided to immerse in academic research related to this trend to understand it better. How are ESG scores measured? What are the common problems in ESG data? Are there any systematic ESG factor strategies that offer outperformance? These are some of the areas we wanted to explore, and we invite you on this journey with us …

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How to Choose the Best Period for Indicators

3.December 2019

Academic literature recognizes a large set of indicators or factors that are connected with the various assets. These indicators can be utilized in a variety of trading strategies, which means that such indicators are popular among practitioners who seek to invest their funds. Usually, the indicators are connected with some evaluation period.

This paper aims to show some possible approaches to find the optimal evaluation periods of indicators. This is a key question among practitioners and therefore we see it as crucial to shed a light on this topic. Although we are focused on momentum strategies, the information in this paper is widely applicable also in the construction of any other trading strategy where the investor has to decide indicator’s period…

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Calendar / Seasonal Trading and Momentum Factor

29.October 2019

We are continuing in our short series of articles about calendar / seasonal trading. The main focus of this paper is to show that the well-working calendar / seasonal anomalies can be refined. The aim is to find the right factors and find a way how to combine them in a search for profit from the practitioner’s point of view. Based on our previous research, calendar anomalies are profitable, but there is a possible way how to enhance their performance. This can be done by employing momentum strategies. By assigning a weight to assets from a diversified set according to their momentum value, it is possible to find a profitable asset during various global market conditions. Moreover, a trend factor is used to ensure that when market conditions are not favorable, the strategy will not trade. Such addition is a typical approach used for reducing maximal draw-downs. Finally, since this paper is written from the practitioner’s point of view, we are assuming some model transaction costs and examine the strategy in their presence.

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Continuous Futures Contracts Methodology for Backtesting

3.October 2019

No doubt, the correct datasets are the key when one does some analysis in the financial markets. Nowadays, futures contracts are widely spread and popular among practitioners. However, each delivery month is connected with a different price where the price of the underlying asset should stand at a given date in the future (the expiration date). The industry standard for backtesting futures strategies is to construct one data sequence from a stream of contracts. Our short article shows the importance of choosing the correct methodology for building continuous futures contracts data series…

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Video + Online Presentation for Bear Market Strategy

5.June 2019

We have a new Youtube video + online presentation for all people who liked our short article about the commodity strategy which can be used as a hedge / diversification during bear markets

Youtube video:

 

Online presentation:

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Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC_YubnldxzNjLkIkEoL-FXg


 

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Skewness / Lottery Effect in Commodities

30.May 2019

We at Quantpedia are continually building a database of ideas for quantitative trading strategies derived out of the academic research papers. Motivated by the recent fall of the S&P500 index at the end of 2018, we have added a new filtering field into our Screener, which you can use to find strategies that can be utilized as a hedge/diversification to equity market risk factor during bear markets. We would like to present one strategy that is profitable itself, but with an added value of negative correlation with the equity market, to be able to perform in the desired way also during the " bad" times.

The strategy we would be talking about can be found in our database under the name #281 – Skewness Effect in Commodities and is built on a research paper written by Fernandez-Perez, Frijns, Fuertes and Miffre – The Skewness of Commodity Futures Returns. Guys at AlphaArchitect have been really generous and they have provided a space for us to write a short article in which we 1) briefly discuss the lottery effect, 2) we discuss the research on this topic in the context of commodities, and 3) we conduct an independent replication effort of the commodity lottery effect identified in academic research.

Authors: Vojtko, Padysak

Title: Skewness Effect in Commodities

Link: https://alphaarchitect.com/2019/05/30/skewness-effect-in-commodities/

Shortly:

"Economies and markets have their seasonalities and cyclicality, where bull markets alternate with bear markets. Bull markets are connected with particularly good performance of the stocks and profiting investors. However on the other hand, during the bear markets, investors tend to lose in the falling equity market. Therefore, during these stressful times, it might be better for practitioners to invest in a portfolio that is negatively correlated with the equity market to gain profit instead of counting loses.

There is strong evidence that investors have a preference for lottery-like assets (the assets that have a relatively small probability of a large payoff or in other words, big skewness). Therefore, it should be profitable to not play the lottery, but rather be “the lottery ticket issuer“ by shorting the commodities with high skewness and going long commodities with low skewness. Additionally, commodities as an asset class are quite distinct from equities and therefore they can often be used as a diversifier to equities.

Lottery strategy in commodites

Clearly, the strategy is profitable, a dollar invested in 1991 would result in more than 9 dollars by 2019, which results in a yearly performance of nearly 8,5%. Moreover, the risk of the strategy is relatively low, with the maximal drawdown of around 16 %, which results in a return to a drawdown ratio of slightly more than 0,5.

Our research suggests that the performance of the equity market represented by the S&P500 index is negatively correlated with the performance of the skewness strategy. Therefore, if the equity market performs badly, our strategy should be still profitable.

What is more important, if we would look upon the worst months of S&P500 index (blue bars) and compare it with the performance of the strategy (orange bars), we would see the performance of the suggested strategy is at most times positive and therefore the investor would be able to hedge his equity portfolio.

Worst equity month performance vs. commodity strategy

To sum it up, the lottery anomaly in commodities is alive and performs in a desirable way also in the recent period. Moreover, the profitable strategy based on this anomaly could also serve as a hedge against equities and offer a profitable possibility to invest during times when equities are in bear markets.

Authors:
Radovan Vojtko, CEO, Quantpedia.com
Matus Padysak, Analyst, Quantpedia.com

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Are you looking for more strategies to read about? Check http://quantpedia.com/Screener

Do you want to see the performance of trading systems we described? Check http://quantpedia.com/Chart/Performance

Do you want to know more about us? Check http://quantpedia.com/Home/About


Follow us on:

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/quantpedia/

Twitter: https://twitter.com/quantpedia


 

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