Market timing

Language Analysis of Federal Open Market Committee Minutes

15.September 2023

If there were a Superbowl of Finance for equities, it’d definitely be FOMC (Federal Open Market Committee) meetings. Investors and traders from around the world gather and make their decisions on the brink of releasing a statement and following the press conference. Shah, Paturi, and Chava (May 2023) contribute with a new cleaned, tokenized, and labeled open-source dataset for FOMC text analysis of various data categories (meeting minutes, speeches, and press conferences). They also propose a new sequence classification task to classify sentences into different monetary policy stances (hawkish, dovish, and neutral) and show the application of this task by generating a hawkish-dovish classification measure from the trained model that they later use in an interesting trading strategy.

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The Seasonality of Bitcoin

13.September 2023

Seasonality effects, one of the most fascinating phenomena in the world of finance, have captured the attention of investors and researchers worldwide. Since these anomalies are often driven by factors other than general market trends, they usually don’t correlate strongly with market movements, which can help reduce the portfolio’s overall risk. Following the theme of our previous article Are There Seasonal Intraday or Overnight Anomalies in Bitcoin?, we decided to extend the data and conduct a more in-depth analysis of our earlier findings. This article explores potential seasonal patterns related to Bitcoin, focusing on whether these patterns are influenced by factors such as current market trends or the level of volatility in the market.

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Dissecting the Performance of Low Volatility Investing

28.August 2023

Low volatility investing is an appealing approach to compound wealth in the stock market for the long term. This particular factor investing style exploits the popular naive notion that lower (higher) risk must always equal lower (higher) overall returns. But in fact, this naive assumption is not true, as low-volatility investments often yield more than their high-volatility counterparts. While low-volatility investing has many advantages, it also results in some disadvantages. How to overcome them? Bernhard Breloer, Martin Kolrep, Thorsten Paarmann, and Viorel Roscovan, in their study Dissecting the Performance of Low Volatility Investing, propose a solution.

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Predicting Stock Market Performance with the Global Anomaly Index

22.August 2023

Today’s article focuses on investigating long-short anomaly portfolio return predictability in international stock markets, which often undergo mispricing due to investors’ sentiment. A paper by Jiang, Fuwei et al. (Apr 2023), suggests using the AAIG (Global Anomaly Index), and it examines the ability of the aggregate anomaly index to predict future returns in 33 stock markets. While previous research finds that a high aggregate anomaly measure predicts a low return in the U.S. market, this study further demonstrates that the global component of AAI (aggregate anomaly indices) is the key that drives international return predictability and reveals that the global anomaly index is a strong and robust predictor of equity risk premiums not just in the U.S. market but also in international markets, both in- and out-of-sample, consistently delivering significant economic values.

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Avoid Equity Bear Markets with a Market Timing Strategy – Revisiting Our Research

18.August 2023

In March, we posted a series of three articles where our goal was to construct a market timing strategy that would reliably sidestep the equity market during bear markets. In this article, we revisit our research to address the forward-looking bias in our final market timing strategy. Upon careful examination, we identified a bias in our macroeconomic trading signal based on the U.S. S&P Composite dividends. To eliminate the issue, we have replaced the signal from U.S. S&P Composite dividends with Housing Starts Growth sourced from FRED, ensuring the strategy is no longer biased.

The unbiased version of our TrendYCMacro strategy, which uses the HOUSE signal, yields an annual excess return of 6.59%, slightly below the 7.10% of the biased version with the DIVIDEND signal. Interestingly, the unbiased version experiences slightly lower annualized volatility at 11.87% compared to the 11.89% of the biased version. Both versions have suffered the same maximal drawdown of -25.13% and exhibit comparable risk-adjusted returns, with the unbiased version having a Sharpe ratio of 0.56 and the biased version having a Sharpe ratio of 0.60.

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Which Investors Drive Factor Returns?

20.June 2023

If different investors share a common goal, why are there differences in strategy choices and portfolio characteristics across investor classes? Elsaify (2022) attempts to provide an answer. In his study, he documents heterogeneity in investors’ processing abilities, which is the key factor influencing investor’s strategy choice and finds that such heterogeneity stems from factor timing ability.

According to the results, hedge funds seem to have the highest attention capacity, the most precise information and excel at factor timing. On the other hand, long-term investors (insurance companies and pension funds), brokers, and short-sellers exhibit low attention capacity because of their timing inability. They spend relatively more attention on the fundamental, their portfolios have the least dispersion and variance and their impact on factor returns is limited.

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